Comparative immunogenicity and efficacy studies with oral rabies virus vaccine SAD P5/88 in raccoon dogs and red foxes

Schuster, P.; Müller, Thomas GND; Vos, A.; Selhorst, Thomas GND; Neubert, L.; Pommerening, E.

A comparative study of immunogenicity and efficacy of the oral rabies virus vaccine SAD P5/88 in raccoon dogs and foxes was conducted. The raccoon dogs received 10(6.9) (n = 6), 10(6.3) (n = 6) or 10(5.7) FFU SAD P5/88 (n = 5) by direct oral application, and subsequently all animals seroconverted. The foxes received 10(7.2) (n = 4), 10(6.2) (n = 4), 10(5.2) (n = 4) and 10(4.2) FFU SAD P5/88 (n = 5) by the same route. On days 106 and 196 post vaccination 10 raccoon dogs and 16 foxes were challenged with a relevant street virus, respectively. All 10 raccoon dogs vaccinated with 10(6.3) (n = 5) or 10(5.7) FFU SAD P5/88 (n = 5) survived the challenge, whereas all control animals (n = 5) died of rabies. Two foxes vaccinated with 10(4.2) FFU and one fox vaccinated with 10(5.2) FFU died of rabies on day 7, 17 and 12 post infection, respectively. Also all control foxes succumbed to rabies. Our findings demonstrate that SAD P5/88 is not only an effective vaccine for oral vaccination of foxes but also for that of raccoon dogs

Dateien

Zitieren

Zitierform:

Schuster, P. / Müller, Thomas / Vos, A. / et al: Comparative immunogenicity and efficacy studies with oral rabies virus vaccine SAD P5/88 in raccoon dogs and red foxes. 2001.

Rechte

Nutzung und Vervielfältigung:
Alle Rechte vorbehalten

Export